AI
Is Texas Hold’em Poker the Newest Game AI has Defeated?
Experimenting with games is an excellent way to better our understanding of deep learning. In recent years, AI has famously become the best player in a number of games such as Go, Backgammon, and Chess. However, all these games are known to have perfect information. For each player, nothing... Read more
Innovators and Regulators Collaborate on Book Tackling AI’s Black Box Problem
AI’s Biggest Compliance Hurdle If you’re in data science, machine learning, or AI, you’ve probably heard of the “black box” problem. In short, it is the regulatory and implementation barriers caused by the un-explainability of sophisticated AI. Why are sophisticated AI systems so hard to explain? Because, for the... Read more
Meet Aurora – Finland’s AI Assistant Answer to Siri and Alexa
In December 2017, Finland’s Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment released its first report outlining the country’s artificial intelligence strategy, “Finland’s age of artificial intelligence – Turning Finland into a leading country in the application of artificial intelligence.” Authored by a steering committee of leading Finn economists and technologists,... Read more
What Are the Best European Cities for Jobs in Data Science?
Within the past few months, European cities have entered the global stage to compete in an artificial intelligence (AI) arms race with tech hubs in the United States and China. While the high concentration of innovative companies in Silicon Valley or the busy streets lined with Fortune 500 companies... Read more
The Importance of Explainable AI
AI algorithms can be trained to perform many disparate tasks, but these systems often are opaque and operate in a black box, meaning users don’t always know how decisions are being made. AI-powered systems, frequently using deep learning methods, can be given extraordinarily complex tasks and can make great... Read more
Natural and Artificial Intelligence
How are we making computers do the things we used to associated only with humans? Have we made a breakthrough in understanding human intelligence? While recent achievements might give the sense that the answer is yes, the short answer is that we are nowhere near. All we’ve achieved for... Read more
Deep(ly) Unsettling: The ubiquitous, unspoken business model of AI-induced mental illness
“The junk merchant,” wrote William S. Burroughs, “doesn’t sell his product to the consumer, he sells the consumer to his product. He does not improve and simplify his merchandise. He degrades and simplifies the client.” He might as well have been describing the commercial, AI-mediated, social-network-driven internet. The emotionally... Read more
The Chatbot Landscape, 2017 Edition
To help decision makers and users wade around the vast landscape of bots, this landscape gives a high-level overview of providers and tools.   Why this landscape, now? Since we started building bots more than 2 years ago, the landscape has seen massive interest and change. This makes it hard... Read more
Today’s Weak AI Lacks Intelligence
While Deep Learning and other ANN-based methods of machine learning have produced some amazing capabilities over the past decade, they still leave me wanting more intelligence than they can deliver. The “point neuron” used in ANN is based on an understanding of neuroscience we had back in the 1970s.... Read more
What We Talk About When We Talk About AI
What do we call the collection of technologies that make up what we used to call “artificial intelligence?” This conundrum reminds me of a Raymond Carver short story (and book) called What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. Artificial Intelligence (AI) isn’t quite as ambiguous a concept as... Read more